In this surgery, the section of the colon that’s affected is cut out, and the two ends of the colon are reattached. The goal here is to re-create a functioning colon. Some colorectal conditions that can be treated: Diverticular disease, Appendicitis, Benign and malignant colon and rectal polyps, tumors and malignancies (cancer), and Rectal prolapse.
Whether you’ve recently been diagnosed with a colon condition, or have been coping with one for some time, you may now be searching for information about your treatment options. The first step is having a discussion with your doctor about the various treatment options. You and your doctor may decide that colon surgery is the best treatment.
Colorectal conditions that can be treated laparoscopically include:
Symptoms of colorectal diseases include bleeding from the rectum, abdominal pain, change in bowel habits (new diarrhea, constipation, stool size, etc.), weight loss, anemia, cramping, vomiting, fever, among many others. Prior to undergoing surgery, your primary doctor or your surgeon will usually do tests (blood work, colonoscopy, barium enema, CT scan, etc.) to decide the cause of your symptoms. If you are found to have a disease that requires surgery, that is when a laparoscopic colorectal operation will be considered.
In this surgery, the section of the colon that’s affected is cut out, and the two ends of the colon are reattached. The goal here is to re-create a functioning colon. In some cases, when the colon or rectum can’t function normally, a new opening to the outside of the body (called a stoma) is created. The intestine is connected through the opening to an external bag where waste is collected – this is called a colostomy. In some cases this colostomy can be reversed. Colon resection surgery has usually been performed using traditional “open” procedures, which require large incisions. With the advancement of technology and the development of new techniques, there are now minimally invasive options (with small incisions) that are just as effective. Minimally invasive colon surgery usually reduces the pain28 and scarring from the procedure and may speed the recovery process.